How to Immigrate to Luxembourg – Full Guide


Moving to Luxembourg, a country known for its high standard of living, multilingual society, and status as a prominent financial hub in Europe, is an appealing prospect for many.

Whether drawn by employment opportunities, its central location in Europe, or the quality of life it offers, immigrating to Luxembourg involves a series of steps and understanding the country’s immigration policies.

This article outlines how to immigrate to Luxembourg, including visa types, eligibility criteria, the application process, and practical tips for settling in.

Understanding Luxembourg’s Immigration System

Luxembourg’s immigration system accommodates various categories, including employment, family reunification, study, and investment.

The specific pathway to immigration largely depends on your nationality, professional qualifications, and the purpose of your move.

Key Visa and Residence Permit Categories

  1. Work Permit: For individuals who have received a job offer from a Luxembourg employer. The employer typically initiates the work permit application process.
  2. Blue Card: Aimed at highly skilled professionals, offering an EU-wide recognized permit that facilitates mobility within the EU for highly qualified employment.
  3. Family Reunification: Allows family members of current Luxembourg residents to join them, provided certain conditions are met, including adequate accommodation and financial stability.
  4. Student Permit: For international students accepted into accredited educational institutions in Luxembourg.
  5. Investor Permit: For entrepreneurs and investors who plan to contribute significantly to Luxembourg’s economy through substantial investment or business creation.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Work and Blue Card: Proof of a valid job offer in Luxembourg and, for the Blue Card, a higher education degree and a salary threshold that exceeds 1.5 times the average gross annual salary in Luxembourg.
  • Family Reunification: Proof of relationship to the Luxembourg resident, sufficient living space, and financial resources.
  • Student Permit: Admission to a recognized educational institution and proof of financial means to support your stay.
  • Investor Permit: A substantial investment plan, which could include investing in existing Luxembourg companies, creating new enterprises, or investing in research and development.

Application Process

  1. Determine the Correct Permit: Identify which immigration category fits your situation by consulting the Luxembourg Immigration Office (Direction de l’Immigration) website.
  2. Gather Required Documents: Commonly required documents include a valid passport, proof of accommodation in Luxembourg, health insurance, and specific documents related to the immigration category (e.g., employment contract, investment plan, proof of family relationship).
  3. Submit Your Application: Most applications are submitted to the Luxembourg Immigration Office, though some, like the student permit, can be started at the Luxembourg embassy or consulate in your home country.
  4. Pay the Application Fee: Fees vary depending on the permit type and must be paid upon submission of your application.
  5. Await Decision: Processing times vary by permit type. You can check the status of your application online or through the embassy/consulate.

Settling in Luxembourg

  • Registration: Register with the local commune (municipality) upon arrival to obtain a residence certificate.
  • Language: Luxembourg is multilingual, with Luxembourgish, French, and German widely used. Knowledge of one of these languages is beneficial for integration and, in some cases, required for permanent residency or citizenship.
  • Healthcare: Register for health insurance to access Luxembourg’s healthcare system.
  • Housing: The housing market in Luxembourg can be competitive and expensive, especially in Luxembourg City. Consider your options and budget accordingly.

Practical Tips for Immigrating to Luxembourg

  • Start Early: Begin the immigration process well in advance of your planned move, as obtaining the necessary permits can take several months.
  • Understand the Cost of Living: Luxembourg is known for its high cost of living, particularly in terms of housing. Plan your finances accordingly.
  • Cultural Integration: Engaging with local communities and learning about Luxembourg’s culture and languages can significantly enhance your experience.


Immigrating to Luxembourg offers the opportunity to live in a country that combines modernity with rich cultural traditions, set within the heart of Europe.

By carefully planning your move and understanding the immigration process, you can embark on a successful new chapter in Luxembourg.

Frequently Asked Questions on Moving to Luxembourg

1. Do I need a visa to enter Luxembourg if I am an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen?

No, citizens of the EU, EEA, and Switzerland do not need a visa to enter, live, or work in Luxembourg. However, if planning to stay for more than three months, you must register with your local commune (municipality) to obtain a residence certificate.

2. What is the difference between the Blue Card and a regular work permit in Luxembourg?

The Blue Card is specifically designed for highly skilled non-EU nationals seeking employment in Luxembourg and requires applicants to have a recognized university degree and a job offer with a salary at least 1.5 times the average gross annual salary in Luxembourg.

A regular work permit is for other types of employment and does not have the same salary or educational requirements but still requires a valid job offer.

3. How long does it take to process a residence permit application in Luxembourg?

The processing time can vary depending on the type of permit and the specifics of the application. Generally, it might take anywhere from a few weeks to several months.

It’s advisable to check with the Luxembourg Immigration Office for the most accurate and up-to-date processing times.

4. Can I bring my family to Luxembourg if I have a work permit?

Yes, under the family reunification process, you can bring your spouse, registered partner, and dependent children to Luxembourg. You will need to prove that you have adequate accommodation and sufficient financial resources to support your family members. Each family member must submit an individual application.

5. How can I apply for permanent residency in Luxembourg?

Non-EU nationals can apply for permanent residency after living legally in Luxembourg for an uninterrupted period of five years.

Applicants must demonstrate integration into the Luxembourgish community, which includes passing a language exam and attending civic instruction courses. Additionally, you must have stable income and health insurance.

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