Africa
Africa

List of Countries in Africa & Travel FAQ

Here are some of the most commonly asked questions about Africa, answered.


Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent, after Asia. If you were to ask someone how many countries are in Africa, they might not be able to give you an accurate answer. The reason for this is that there is no universally accepted definition of what constitutes a country in Africa.

How many countries are in Africa?

The African continent is the second-largest in the world, with a land area covering almost 20 million km2. It has more than 54 countries and territories, making it one of the largest in the world.

The exact number of countries and territories on the continent is disputed, with different sources listing 54, 59, or 62 countries, depending on how countries are counted. Africa is bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean, on the west by the Arabian Sea, and on the south by the Indian Ocean.

Here is the list of countries in Africa.

  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cameroon
  8. Cape Verde
  9. The Central African Republic
  10. Chad
  11. Comoros
  12. Cote d’Ivoire
  13. Djibouti
  14. Egypt
  15. Equatorial Guinea
  16. Eritrea
  17. Ethiopia
  18. Gabon
  19. Gambia
  20. Ghana
  21. Guinea
  22. Guinea-Bissau
  23. Kenya
  24. Lesotho
  25. Liberia
  26. Libya
  27. Madagascar
  28. Malawi
  29. Mali
  30. Mauritania
  31. Mauritius
  32. Morocco
  33. Mozambique
  34. Namibia
  35. Niger
  36. Nigeria
  37. Rwanda
  38. Sao Tome and Principe
  39. Senegal
  40. Seychelles
  41. Sierra Leone
  42. Somalia
  43. South Africa
  44. South Sudan
  45. Sudan
  46. Swaziland
  47. Tanzania
  48. Togo
  49. Tunisia
  50. Uganda
  51. Western Sahara
  52. Zambia
  53. Zimbabwe

Geography of Africa

The continent of Africa is vast, spanning from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, north to south. The Sahara Desert dominates the northern part of the continent and covers most of Egypt and Libya, as well as portions of Algeria, Chad, Niger, and Sudan.

The Sahel belt in the southern part of the continent is mostly dry and contains savanna, steppes, and grasslands. Much of the continent is covered by tropical rainforest, with a small portion in the far north that is dominated by tundra.

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What is the climate of Africa?

The African continent is one of the world’s most ecologically diverse regions, with savannas, forests, deserts, and coastline. Africa is home to 54 sovereign countries and two dependent territories. The continent of Africa is the second largest on Earth covering more than 20,000 km from north to south (larger than the United States).

Africa is a continent of great diversity, with an immense range of different climates and ecosystems. From the searing heat of the Sahara Desert to the lush rainforests of the Congo Basin, Africa has it all. And with such a variety of landscapes and climates, there is something to suit every taste when it comes to tourism.

Whether you want to explore the big game reserves of East Africa, climb Mount Kilimanjaro, or relax on the beaches of Mauritius, Africa has it all. And with a climate that ranges from tropical to temperate, there is a destination to suit every preference.

Which are the richest countries in Africa?

The richest countries in Africa are Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt.

Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt are considered the richest countries in Africa because they have the largest economies on the continent. They are also the most populous countries in Africa, which contributes to their wealth.

Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Africa include Egypt, Morocco, South Africa, and Tanzania. These destinations are popular for a variety of reasons, including their rich history, diverse cultures, and beautiful scenery.

Is it safe for tourists to visit Africa?

There is no definitive answer to this question as there are many factors to consider, including the specific country or countries you are planning to visit, your personal level of comfort with risk, and the current political and social climate in Africa. That said, many travelers find Africa to be a safe and welcoming destination, and with proper research and planning, it is possible to have a safe and enjoyable trip.

What are the languages spoken in Africa?

There are over 1,500 languages spoken in Africa.

However, some of the most commonly spoken languages on the continent include French, Portuguese, Arabic, Swahili, and Zulu.

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Travel should be fun and easy. For all the hassles, we have the answers. I'm an avid traveler and share everything I've learned during my travels so that you can learn from them and avoid mistakes. Happy travels!

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